How to live longer: The 90p food that may lower the risk of cancer – what to eat

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As worldwide people continue to seek the secrets to long life, the goal remains for us to live healthily into old age. Some lifestyle habits have proven the strongest preventative measures of early death, showing that they may be able to stave off diseases. Indeed, there are certain foods which you can consume which may reduce your risk of cancer.

Some research suggests that eating mushrooms may reduce the risk of breast cancer, largely in premenopausal women.

Premenopausal means before the menopause, though health experts will often use the term to refer to the years before menopause, when hormone levels are changing but menstruation still occurs.

One study, published on on dietary mushroom intake and the risk of breast cancer based on hormone receptor status, suggests mushrooms might be related to lower risks for breast cancers among premenopausal women.

“This association may be more robust among women with hormone receptor positive tumors,” it says.

This study evaluated the association between mushroom intake and the risk of breast cancer according to hormone receptor status among Korean women.

Mushroom intake and breast cancer risk were examined among 358 breast cancer patients and 360 cancer-free controls.

Research says that many lifestyle factors make different effects on breast cancer risk according to different menopausal status.

Indeed, the risk of developing breast cancer increases with age.

The NHS says: “The female hormone oestrogen can sometimes stimulate breast cancer cells and cause them to grow.”

Therefore, your risk of developing breast cancer may rise slightly with the amount of oestrogen your body is exposed to.

“For example, if you started having periods at a young age and experienced the menopause later than average, you will have been exposed to oestrogen over a longer period of time,” it explains.

It adds: “If you have experienced the menopause and are overweight or obese, you may be more at risk of developing breast cancer.”

Cancer Research UK says: “Keeping a healthy weight is important because obesity is a cause of 13 different types of cancer.

“Having a healthy diet helps you keep a healthy weight or lose weight, which can reduce the risk of cancer.”

It suggests that there are some foods that are directly linked to cancer, but our overall diet is more important than these individually.

The charity recommends a diet high in fruit and vegetables, wholegrains, and healthy sources of protein like fresh chicken, fish or pulses.

It should also be low in processed and red meat, high calorie foods, sugary drinks, and alcohol.

Cancer Research UK adds: “The word ‘superfood’ is used to talk about foods that are supposed to improve health and prevent diseases like cancer, but this is not backed up by science.

“You might have heard people call blueberries, broccoli, raspberries and other fruits and vegetables ‘superfoods’.

“It’s true that a healthy, balanced diet can help to reduce the risk of cancer, but it is unlikely that any single food will make much of a difference on its own.”

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