Tooth enamel can be restored by adding a complex of amino acids to the mineralized material hydroxyapatite, discovered through joint research by scientists at Ural Federal University, Voronezh State University, Voronezh State Medical University, Al-Azhar University, and the National Research Center (Egypt).
What to know:
Tooth enamel has a protective function, but its integrity can be destroyed by abrasion, erosion, or microfractures to a point that if the surface of the tissue is not repaired in time, the enamel lesion will affect the dentin and then the pulp of the tooth.
Current tooth restorative techniques involve acid etching of the enamel to increase the bonding effect, which sometimes leaves behind products which may not always have a positive effect on the bonding of enamel and synthetic materials.
Hydroxyapatite is a compound that is a major component of human bones and teeth and mixing it with polyfunctional organic and polar amino acids can create a dental coating that replicates the composition and microstructure of natural tooth enamel.
The new method of dental restoration can be used to reduce the sensitivity of teeth in case of enamel abrasion or to restore it after erosion.
The new composition material duplicates the features of the surface of the tooth at the molecular and structural level and actually exceeds the strength of the native enamel.
This is a summary of the article “Engineering of Biomimetic Mineralized Layer Formed on the Surface of Natural Dental Enamel” published by Results in Engineering on September 16, 2022. The full article can be found on sciencedirect.com.
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