Behind the abbreviations in the blood picture

LDL, GPT and RBC – what sounds like something out of a famous Hip-Hop Song, are common abbreviations from a laboratory report of a blood test. Almost everyone will at some point be faced with, be it in the context of a health Check-up or before surgery.

Turns out that a value is in the normal range, that is no reason to panic. Blood values are subject to fluctuations. Therefore, it is important not to brood alone about the results, but to discuss with the doctor, what they mean to a person. Nevertheless, it may help to know what the abbreviation stands for. An Overview.

Blood fats

Among the Blood lipids, even lipids called, among other things, cholesterol. In this case, the LDL-cholesterol (Low Density Lipoprotein) and the HDL-cholesterol (High Density Lipoprotein) exist. “The lower the LDL-cholesterol value is, the better,” explains Matthias Orth, Board member of the professional Association of German laboratory physicians. The Optimal LDL value less than 160 milligrams (mg) per deciliter (dl) is. The LDL value is repeated, then this is a risk factor for hardening of the arteries. The HDL cholesterol higher values are better for the health.

Kidney values

In General, urea and creatinine are investigated. In the case of urea, the normal value for women is between 17 and 43 mg/dl, in men between 18 and 55 mg/dl. In the case of creatinine, normal value is 0.66 to1. 09 mg/dl (women) and 0.84 to 1.44 mg/dl (men). The values are inflated, then a malfunction of the kidneys is usually. Low kidney values are not necessarily signs of a disorder.


The red blood cells are in the lab report they are abbreviated often with RBC, or ERY. The erythrocytes are responsible for the infiltration of oxygen through the body. For men from 4.3 to 5.6 million “red blood cells” per micro liter are normal, women are from 4.0 to 5.4 million “red blood cells”.

“The values above, then this may indicate a reduced oxygen content in the blood due to heart or lung disease,” explains the counselor-author Matthias bast durability. Cause of elevated levels can be a heavy tobacco consumption. To little “red blood cells” may be a sign of an iron fuel.


They are a type of white blood cells – abbreviated LEUK or WBC. The norm values for men and women, between 4000 and 10,000 blood cells per micro-liter. Leukocytes have the task of pathogens to fend off. There are three groups: granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes. High values indicate an acute infection with bacteria, fungi, or para-sit. If the value is too low, then this can disease an indication for liver or enlargement of the spleen be.


PLT or THRO are the abbreviations for platelets. These are small, disc-shaped platelets in the blood. They are important in blood clotting. Between 150,000 and 400,000 platelets per micro-liter in men and women normal. The platelet-values will give important information on disease. A higher value is a sign of an infection. Low values may indicate, among other things, to an iron or Vitamin B12 deficiency.


Hemoglobin is a red blood pigment. Its abbreviations: HGB, or HG. Its task: oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood bind. Normally, the hemoglobin content in the blood of men between the ages of 14 and 18 grams per deciliter in women between the ages of 12 and 16 grams per deciliter. The values are lower, this is possibly an indication of an iron deficiency anemia. Higher values can increase the risk for a stroke.


Hematocrit (abbreviation: HCTZ, HCT, or HCT), indicates how the ratio of solid and liquid components in the blood. Normally, a hematocrit value of 40 to 52 percent in men and from 37 to 45 per cent in women. A high value is an indication that the blood is thick. Then there is the risk that blood clots among other things. A low value may indicate anemia.

Liver values

Excessive alcohol consumption can cause elevated liver values. As a result, the liver can be damaged, vital functions such as the metabolism can be disturbed. Be controlled the four enzymes GOT, GPT, Gamma-GT and alkaline Phosphatase (AP). GOT stands for glutamate-Oxaloacetate-Transaminase, GPT is the abbreviation of glutamate-pyruvate-Transaminase is. Gamma GT stands for Gamma-Glutamyl-Transferase.


Glucose, colloquially blood sugar called is usually measured with a sober. “Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed when the fasting of 126 mg/dl was worth several times,” explains Orth. A fasting sugar between 100 and 125 mg/dl indicates impaired glucose tolerance. This means, however, only an increased risk of developing future Diabetes. “A disease that is not yet.” A multiple of low Glucose may indicate hypoglycemia. Then quick medical Action is required.